Coaching Fundamentals by Brummie
This is one of our "Coaches Corner" lessons
Becoming a coach is a big step - well done! - and can initially be confusing. Don't stress. Here's a quick breakdown of some coaching fundamentals that can put you on the right path.
How to get into the coaching mindset
Think about the following in relation to the team(s) that you coach; you might find that the answers differ for different teams:
- Why do people play sport?
- What does it mean to be a coach?
- What jobs might a “coach” do?
- What should be taken into consideration when planning a session?
Make sure that you keep this contextual information in mind when you’re planning sessions; are your plans appropriate for the team and players you’re coaching? If you create a positive learning environment then you’ll see better results. Be aware of mistakes made, and use that knowledge to create methods for improving in specific areas.
People have different learning styles and often benefit from a mixture of:
- Telling / auditory; i.e. describe what you want them to do
- Showing / visual; i.e. show them using diagrams or getting people to run through the patterns on the field
- Doing / kinaesthetic; i.e. doing it for themselves
Delivery of information is important too; consider the following:
- Use clear and concise wording, examples and no more than three key points per topic
- Use a whiteboard and magnets (magnets prevent too much pen on the board which can be confusing)
- Enlist the help of experienced players to run demos
How do we apply this knowledge? An example might be to explain a new exercise verbally while drawing player movements on a whiteboard. Then, get some players to jog through the pattern at 50% speed so everyone can see what it should look like; this helps people to visualise the end result. Once they’ve had a few opportunities to run through at half speed, they can increase the pace and intensity.
How do people learn?
- Cognitive (Thinking): Planning; thinking about a movement and building a mental model.
- Associative (Practicing): Practicing stage; concentrating on recognising the skill / technique and reflecting upon errors.
- Autonomous: Consolidation stage; skill is performed without conscious thought. It is difficult to correct once at this step, which is why correcting throwing technique is more difficult when people have been playing for a long time.
How do you coach?
- Coaching Cycle: Plan, Do, Review
- Language / body language used; how will this impact on players?
- Explain clearly by sticking to 3 points to focus on.
- Open questions encourage people to explore.
- Feedback; what went well, and how could it be even better?
Keep things positive. This doesn’t mean that feedback cannot be critical, rather that any criticism is viewed as a positive action on a path to becoming a better player.
Also in Coaches Corner:
- Coaching Fundamentals
- Coaching a Team: Get Organised
- Technical Discussion
- Improving Decision Making in Ultimate
- Teaching Forehands to Beginners
- Learning a Good Forehand
- Controlling Backhands
- Learning to throw with your off-hand
- The Around Backhand – Why and How
- Fast Break Principles
- Train Like A Champion
- Fury 2018: A Veteran’s Perspective
- Fury 2018: A Rookie’s Perspective
- PoNY 2018: Show me your superpower
- PoNY 2018: Building a Championship Winning Team
- Ireland 2019: National Camps
- Ireland 2019: Solo Training
- Ireland 2019: Coming from a small community
- Ireland 2019: Making the mental Switch to Winning
- Ireland 2019: During the tournament
- CUSB 2019: Building a community
- CUSB 2019: Scouting was the difference
- CUSB 2019: Working with La Fotta
- CUSB 2019: An insider’s view
- Ellipsis 2021: Solo Training through a pandemic
- Nutritional Advice for Elite Ultimate
- Burn out
- Breathe Better
- Why Injuries Happen
- Treating injuries